Cover image for The periodic table : a very short introduction
Title:
The periodic table : a very short introduction
ISBN:
9780198842323
Edition:
Fully updated new ed., 2nd ed.
Physical Description:
xxv, 154 pages : illustrations ; 18 cm.
Contents:
1. The elements -- 2. A quick overview of the modern periodic table -- 3. Atomic weight, triads, and Prout -- 4. Steps towards the periodic table -- 5. The Russian genius: Mendeleev -- 6. Physics invades the periodic table -- 7. Electronic structure -- 8. Quantum mechanics -- 9. Modern alchemy: from missing elements to synthetic elements -- 10. Forms of the periodic table.
Summary:
The periodic table of elements, first encountered by many of us at school, provides an arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. In this Very Short Introduction, Eric Scerri presents a modern and fresh exploration of this fundamental topic in the physical sciences, considering the deeper implications of the arrangements of the table to atomic physics and quantum mechanics. This new edition also celebrates the completion of the seventh period of the table, with the naming of elements 113, 115, 117, and 118. --
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Summary

Summary

The periodic table of elements, first encountered by many of us at school, provides an arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, and divided into periodic trends. In this Very Short Introduction Eric R. Scerri looks at the trends in properties of elements that led to the construction of the table, and shows how the deeper meaning of the table's structure gradually became apparent with the development of atomic theory and, in particular, quantum mechanics, which underlies the behaviour of all of the elements and their compounds.

This new edition, publishing in the International Year of the Periodic Table, celebrates the completion of the seventh period of the table, with the ratification and naming of elements 113, 115, 117, and 118 as nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson. Eric R. Scerri also incorporates new material on recent advances in our understanding of the origin of the elements, as well as developments concerning group three of the periodic table.

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Author Notes


Eric R. Scerri is a lecturer at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the founder and editor-in-chief of Foundations of Chemistry, a journal covering the history and philosophy of chemistry, and chemical education. He has authored over 150 articles in peer-reviewed journals and many articles in popular science magazines, including Scientific American, American Scientist, and Cosmos, among others. His books include A Tale of Seven Elements, (Oxford University Press, 2013) and A Tale of Seven Scientists and A New Philosophy of Science, (Oxford University Press, 2016). Further information about the author can be found at www.ericscerri.com


Table of Contents

Acknowledgements and Dedicationp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Preface to the second editionp. xxi
List of illustrationsp. xxiii
1 The elementsp. 1
2 A quick overview of the modern periodic tablep. 10
3 Atomic weight, triads, and Proutp. 30
4 Steps towards the periodic tablep. 41
5 The Russian genius: Mendeleevp. 58
6 Physics invades the periodic tablep. 73
7 Electronic structurep. 85
8 Quantum mechanicsp. 99
9 Modern alchemy: from missing elements to synthetic elementsp. 111
10 Forms of the periodic tablep. 124
Further readingp. 145
Indexp. 147